Determining relations, or possible relationships, between family members will lead to a family secured from unanswerd questions or acquisitions. Paternity finds the bond between Mother, Farther and Child.
Chain of Custody Requirements
Chain of custody requirements must be fulfilled for test results to be defensible in any legal situation, such as inheritance disputes. These requirements include the following:
o Samples are collected by a neutral third party, such as a clinic or laboratory.
" The individuals tested are positively identified (i.e., they present a government-issued ID to be photocopied and/or they are photographed and fingerprinted).
o A standard DNA Diagnostics Center kit is used.
o Each party completes and signs a Client Identification and Consent Form (COC-4002).
Non-Chain of Custody Requirements
In a non-chain of custody test, samples are collected by the patients themselves. Results of this test are for personal knowledge only and may not be used for legal purposes.
. A Beta Genetics kit is used, and buccal samples can be collected by the patients themselves at a time and place that they choose.
. Since the origin of the samples cannot be verified, names are not listed on the report (i.e., the report will only show "Child," "Alleged Father," etc.)
o An RL kit number is assigned to each kit and will appear on the report as a reference for the case.
Paternity Test (Trio)
A standard paternity test, called a trio, involves the child, mother, and alleged father. The mother's participation is always encouraged in a paternity test.
Who needs to be tested?
One Mother, one Child, and one Alleged Father (AF)
Buccal swab samples are obtained by using cotton or synthetic swabs to collect cells by gently stroking the lining of the inner cheek. These cells contain the DNA required to perform parentage testing. DNA testing with buccal swabs is painless, non-invasive, and just as reliable as DNA testing with blood.
The buccal swab method is especially helpful for cases involving newborns and young children.